elasticsearch 简介和创建索引初步分析

无情 阅读:258 2021-03-31 22:11:39 评论:0

简介:ElasticSearch是一个开源的分布式搜索引擎,具备高可靠性,支持非常多的企业级搜索用例。像Solr4一样,是基于Lucene构建的。支持时间时间索引和全文检索。官网:http://www.elasticsearch.org

它对外提供一系列基于java和http的api,用于索引、检索、修改大多数配置。下载地址 http://www.elasticsearch.org/download


elasticsearch 索引创建:

本项目环境:eclipse + JDK 7 + elasticsearch1.7.0

项目截图:

 

源代码:

package com.elasticsearch.entity; 
 
/** 
 * 实体数据类 
 * @author Administrator 
 * 
 */ 
public class Medicine { 
	 	private Integer id; 
	    private String name; 
	    private String function; 
	     
		public Medicine() { 
			super(); 
			// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub 
		} 
 
		public Medicine(Integer id, String name, String function) { 
			super(); 
			this.id = id; 
			this.name = name; 
			this.function = function; 
		} 
 
		public Integer getId() { 
			return id; 
		} 
 
		public void setId(Integer id) { 
			this.id = id; 
		} 
 
		public String getName() { 
			return name; 
		} 
 
		public void setName(String name) { 
			this.name = name; 
		} 
 
		public String getFunction() { 
			return function; 
		} 
 
		public void setFunction(String function) { 
			this.function = function; 
		} 
		 
		 
		 
	     
	     
 
} 
package com.elasticsearch.date; 
 
import java.util.ArrayList; 
import java.util.List; 
 
import com.elasticsearch.entity.Medicine; 
import com.elasticsearch.util.JsonUtil; 
 
/** 
 * 实体数据集合工厂 
 * @author Administrator 
 * 
 */ 
public class DataFactory { 
	public static DataFactory dataFactory = null; 
     
    private DataFactory(){ 
         
    } 
     
    public DataFactory getInstance(){ 
    	if(dataFactory == null){ 
    		dataFactory = new DataFactory(); 
    	} 
        return dataFactory; 
    } 
    public static List<String> getInitJsonData(){ 
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>(); 
        String data1  = JsonUtil.obj2JsonData(new Medicine(1,"银花 感冒 颗粒","功能主治:银花感冒颗粒 ,头痛,清热,解表,利咽。")); 
        String data2  = JsonUtil.obj2JsonData(new Medicine(2,"感冒  止咳糖浆","功能主治:感冒止咳糖浆,解表清热,止咳化痰。")); 
        String data3  = JsonUtil.obj2JsonData(new Medicine(3,"感冒灵颗粒","功能主治:解热镇痛。头痛 ,清热。")); 
        String data4  = JsonUtil.obj2JsonData(new Medicine(4,"感冒  灵胶囊","功能主治:银花感冒颗粒 ,头痛,清热,解表,利咽。")); 
        String data5  = JsonUtil.obj2JsonData(new Medicine(5,"仁和 感冒 颗粒","功能主治:疏风清热,宣肺止咳,解表清热,止咳化痰。")); 
        list.add(data1); 
        list.add(data2); 
        list.add(data3); 
        list.add(data4); 
        list.add(data5); 
        return list; 
    } 
 
} 
package com.elasticsearch.util; 
 
import java.io.IOException; 
 
import org.elasticsearch.common.xcontent.XContentBuilder; 
import org.elasticsearch.common.xcontent.XContentFactory; 
 
import com.elasticsearch.entity.Medicine; 
 
public class JsonUtil { 
	 /** 
     * 实现将实体对象转换成json对象 
     * @param medicine    Medicine对象 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public static String obj2JsonData(Medicine medicine){ 
        String jsonData = null; 
        try { 
            //使用XContentBuilder创建json数据 
            XContentBuilder jsonBuild = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder(); 
            jsonBuild.startObject() 
            .field("id",medicine.getId()) 
            .field("name", medicine.getName()) 
            .field("funciton",medicine.getFunction()) 
            .endObject(); 
            jsonData = jsonBuild.string(); 
            System.out.println(jsonData); 
        } catch (IOException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
        } 
        return jsonData; 
    } 
} 
package com.elasticsearch.index; 
 
import java.util.ArrayList; 
import java.util.List; 
 
import org.elasticsearch.action.index.IndexRequestBuilder; 
import org.elasticsearch.action.index.IndexResponse; 
import org.elasticsearch.action.search.SearchResponse; 
import org.elasticsearch.client.Client; 
import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient; 
import org.elasticsearch.common.transport.InetSocketTransportAddress; 
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.QueryBuilder; 
import org.elasticsearch.search.SearchHit; 
import org.elasticsearch.search.SearchHits; 
 
import com.elasticsearch.entity.Medicine; 
 
/** 
 * ElasticSearch 搜索引擎封装 
 * @author Administrator 
 * 
 */ 
public class ElasticSearchHandler { 
	private Client client; 
 
    public ElasticSearchHandler(){     
        //使用本机做为节点 
        this("127.0.0.1"); 
    } 
     
    public ElasticSearchHandler(String ipAddress){ 
        //集群连接超时设置 
        /*   
              Settings settings = ImmutableSettings.settingsBuilder().put("client.transport.ping_timeout", "10s").build(); 
            client = new TransportClient(settings); 
         */ 
        client = new TransportClient().addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(ipAddress, 9300)); 
    } 
     
    /** 
     * 建立索引,索引建立好之后,会在elasticsearch-0.20.6\data\elasticsearch\nodes\0创建所以你看 
     * @param indexName  为索引库名,一个es集群中可以有多个索引库。 名称必须为小写 
     * @param indexType  Type为索引类型,是用来区分同索引库下不同类型的数据的,一个索引库下可以有多个索引类型。 
     * @param jsondata     json格式的数据集合 
     *  
     * @return 
     */ 
    public void createIndexResponse(String indexname, String type, List<String> jsondata){ 
        //创建索引库 需要注意的是.setRefresh(true)这里一定要设置,否则第一次建立索引查找不到数据 
        IndexRequestBuilder requestBuilder = client.prepareIndex(indexname, type).setRefresh(true); 
        for(int i=0; i<jsondata.size(); i++){ 
            requestBuilder.setSource(jsondata.get(i)).execute().actionGet(); 
        }      
          
    } 
     
    /** 
     * 创建索引 
     * @param client 
     * @param jsondata 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public IndexResponse createIndexResponse(String indexname, String type,String jsondata){ 
        IndexResponse response = client.prepareIndex(indexname, type) 
            .setSource(jsondata) 
            .execute() 
            .actionGet(); 
        return response; 
    } 
     
    /** 
     * 执行搜索 
     * @param queryBuilder 
     * @param indexname 
     * @param type 
     * @return 
     */ 
    public List<Medicine>  searcher(QueryBuilder queryBuilder, String indexname, String type){ 
        List<Medicine> list = new ArrayList<Medicine>(); 
        SearchResponse searchResponse = client.prepareSearch(indexname).setTypes(type) 
        .setQuery(queryBuilder) 
        .execute() 
        .actionGet(); 
        SearchHits hits = searchResponse.getHits(); 
        System.out.println("查询到记录数=" + hits.getTotalHits()); 
        SearchHit[] searchHists = hits.getHits(); 
        if(searchHists.length>0){ 
            for(SearchHit hit:searchHists){ 
                Integer id = (Integer)hit.getSource().get("id"); 
                String name =  (String) hit.getSource().get("name"); 
                String function =  (String) hit.getSource().get("funciton"); 
                list.add(new Medicine(id, name, function)); 
            } 
        } 
        return list; 
    } 
     
     
     
     
 
} 

创建ElasticSearch 索引代码:

package com.elasticsearch.main; 
 
import java.util.List; 
 
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.QueryBuilder; 
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.QueryBuilders; 
 
import com.elasticsearch.date.DataFactory; 
import com.elasticsearch.entity.Medicine; 
import com.elasticsearch.index.ElasticSearchHandler; 
 
public class ElasticsearchTest { 
 
	public static void main(String[] args) { 
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub 
		 ElasticSearchHandler esHandler = new ElasticSearchHandler(); 
	     List<String> jsondata = DataFactory.getInitJsonData(); 
	     // String indexname = "indexdemo"; 
	     String indexname = "eindexdemo"; 
	     // String type = "typedemo"; 
	     String type = "etypedemo"; 
	     //创建索引 
	     esHandler.createIndexResponse(indexname, type, jsondata); 
	} 
 
} 

访问:http://localhost:9200/_plugin/head/,检查相关ElasticSearch 的相关索引是否创建成功?



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