PHP 源码安装常用配置参数和说明分析

阿里 阅读:141 2021-09-06 11:08:58 评论:0
本文章主要介绍了PHP 源码安装常用配置参数和说明,具有不错的的参考价值,希望对您有所帮助,如解说有误或未考虑完全的地方,请您留言指出,谢谢!

常用的配置参数
1. --prefix=/usr/local/php
指定 php 安装目录
install architecture-independent files in PREFIX 默认/usr/local


2.--with-config-file-path=PATH
php.ini的存放位置
Set the path in which to look for php.ini [PREFIX/lib]
--with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH
php.ini的扩展目录
Set the path where to scan for configuration files


3.--with-apxs2=FILE 
生成libphp5.so ,httpd处理php的模块,需要用到apache的apxs支持 (需安装了httpd-devel)
Build shared Apache 2.0 Handler module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs


4.--with-mysql=DIR 
加入mysql支持, mysql官方的Mysql驱动目录,如果没设置DIR就使用php自带的mysql驱动mysqlnd
Include MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory, if no DIR is passed or the value is
mysqlnd the MySQL native driver will be used


5.--with-mysqli=FILE 
加入mysqli支持,没有设置默认是mysqlnd
Include MySQLi support. FILE is the path to mysql_config. If no value or mysqlnd is passed 
as FILE, the MySQL native driver will be used


6.--with-pdo-mysql=DIR 
加入pdo支持,默认为自带驱动mysqlnd 
PDO: MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory If no value or mysqlnd is passed as DIR, the
MySQL native driver will be used


7.--with-mysql-sock=SOCKPATH
指定mysql套接字文件位置,如果没指定则搜索默认位置
MySQL/MySQLi/PDO_MYSQL: Location of the MySQL unix socket pointer.
If unspecified, the default locations are searched


8.--enable-sockets 
开启sockets支持
Enable sockets support


9.--with-libxml-dir=DIR 
libxml2 安装位置
SimpleXML: libxml2 install prefix


10.--enable-mbstring 
使php支持对多字节字符串的处理
Enable multibyte string support


11.--with-gd=DIR 
Include GD support. DIR is the GD library base install directory BUNDLED


12.--with-curl=DIR 
加入curl支持
Include cURL support


13.--with-mcrypt=DIR Include mcrypt support

14.--enable-zip Include Zip read/write support


15.--enable-calendar 
支持日历转换
Enable support for calendar conversion


16.--with-zlib=DIR 
打开zlib库支持
Include ZLIB support (requires zlib >= 1.0.9)


17.--enable-bcmath 
打开图片大小调整,用到zabbix监控的时候用到了这个模块
Enable bc style precision math functions


18. --enable-soap Enable SOAP support


19.--with-iconv-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: iconv dir for XMLRPC-EPI


20.--with-freetype-dir=DIR 
打开对freetype字体库的支持 
GD: Set the path to FreeType 2 install prefix


21.--with-jpeg-dir=DIR 
打开对jpeg图片的支持
GD: Set the path to libjpeg install prefix


22.--with-png-dir=DIR 
打开对png图片的支持
GD: Set the path to libpng install prefix


23.--without-sqlite3=DIR 
自PHP5.3起默认启用SQLite3 扩展,可以在编译时使用--without-sqlite3禁用SQLite3 扩展
Do not include SQLite3 support. DIR is the prefix to SQLite3 installation directory.


24.--enable-exif 
开启图片的元数据支持
Enable EXIF (metadata from images) support


25.--enable-ftp Enable FTP support


26.--with-pcre-dir 
FILTER: pcre install prefix


27.--disable-fileinfo 
fileinfo在5.3以后就被默认安装的,小内存VPS上编译PHP会out of memory
Disable fileinfo support

28.--enable-shared=PKGS Build shared libraries default=yes
生成动态链接库
--enable-static=PKGS Build static libraries default=yes
生成静态链接库
29.--disable-ipv6 Disable IPv6 support
30.--enable-phpdbg 
轻量级、强大、易用的PHP调试平台,可以在PHP5.4和之上版本中使用,在php5.6和之上版本内部集成
Build phpdbg
31.--enable-fpm Enable building of the fpm SAPI executable
--with-fpm-user=USER Set the user for php-fpm to run as. (default: nobody)
--with-fpm-group=GRP Set the group for php-fpm to run as. For a system user, this
should usually be set to match the fpm username (default: nobody)
32.--enable-posix
开启posix扩展支持


33.--enable-pcntl
开启pcntl扩展


34.--with-pear=DIR Install PEAR in DIR [PREFIX/lib/php]
--without-pear Do not install PEAR


需要单独安装的扩展
gd库, mbstring, mhash和mcrypt
1.指定了--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs以后,就不要再激活--enable-fpm和--enable-fastCGI,apxs是以php module的模式加载PHP的.
2.Mysql在编译了Mysql开发library以后,可以不用指定mysql的路径.
3.PHP编译存在基础的依赖的关系,编译PHP首先需要安装XML扩展,因为php5核心默认打开了XML的支持,其他的基础库,相应需要
4.GD -> zlib, Png, Jpg, 如果需要支持其他,仍需要根据实际情况编译扩展库,ttf库需要freetype库的支持。
5.--enable-magic-quotes,是一个极其不推荐的参数,当然,如果你需要PHP为你做这些底下的工作,实际上他也没有很彻底的解决问题。
6.-with-openssl 需要openssl库

mysqli是MySQL团队提供的MySQL驱动,具有很多实用的功能和典型特征。不过他不是MySQL于PHP平台最好的选择,PDO被证实,是一个简易、高并发性,而且易于创建和回收的标准接口。不过PDO也经历了5.3以前的内存溢出的问题,在5.3以后,在读取Oracle的LOB资源时,若不对内存进行限制,仍会内存溢出。
如果是生产环境,好像pear、shmop、ftp等,都不推荐使用,语言,都有很好很快速的选择,无需局限于使用PHP去实现。不熟悉的类库和不常用的库,也不推荐使用。
magic-quote、session.auto_start、PHP服务器信息、PHP报错信息等在编译完成后,应该第一时间关闭,避免暴露服务器信息。
PHP对应的Web Server模式,Module、fastcgi、fpm只需要一种即可,服务器不是你的试验田。fastcgi可以选择Nginx和lighttpd,其实Nginx也是使用lighttpd的spwan-fcgi进行fcgi进程管理的。fpm是使用PHP自身去管理多进程,有点类似一个后端代理。无论什么模式,在发布产品服务器,都应该做进程和线程调优,做足够多的性能及压力方面的测试,找出最好的进程数组合。
选好一种PHP OPCode cache的扩展,这个也是很重要的,linux 2.6核心下,fcgi下,xcache有较好的实践经验,其他的在并发数增加以后,性能衰减严重。
如果真的想体验宁可编译多几个PHP版本,也不要针对一个版本的PHP集合各种扩展,适应各种环境,这会让把你自己逼进窘境的。

.configure --help

复制代码
`configure' configures this package to adapt to many kinds of systems. 
 
Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]... 
 
To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as 
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables. 
 
Defaults for the options are specified in brackets. 
 
Configuration: 
  -h, --help              display this help and exit 
      --help=short        display options specific to this package 
      --help=recursive    display the short help of all the included packages 
  -V, --version           display version information and exit 
  -q, --quiet, --silent   do not print `checking ...' messages 
      --cache-file=FILE   cache test results in FILE [disabled] 
  -C, --config-cache      alias for `--cache-file=config.cache' 
  -n, --no-create         do not create output files 
      --srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..'] 
 
Installation directories: 
  --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX 
                          [/usr/local] 
  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX 
                          [PREFIX] 
 
By default, `make install' will install all the files in 
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc.  You can specify 
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix', 
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'. 
 
For better control, use the options below. 
 
Fine tuning of the installation directories: 
  --bindir=DIR            user executables [EPREFIX/bin] 
  --sbindir=DIR           system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin] 
  --libexecdir=DIR        program executables [EPREFIX/libexec] 
  --sysconfdir=DIR        read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc] 
  --sharedstatedir=DIR    modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com] 
  --localstatedir=DIR     modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var] 
  --libdir=DIR            object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib] 
  --includedir=DIR        C header files [PREFIX/include] 
  --oldincludedir=DIR     C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include] 
  --datarootdir=DIR       read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share] 
  --datadir=DIR           read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR] 
  --infodir=DIR           info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info] 
  --localedir=DIR         locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale] 
  --mandir=DIR            man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man] 
  --docdir=DIR            documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/PACKAGE] 
  --htmldir=DIR           html documentation [DOCDIR] 
  --dvidir=DIR            dvi documentation [DOCDIR] 
  --pdfdir=DIR            pdf documentation [DOCDIR] 
  --psdir=DIR             ps documentation [DOCDIR] 
 
System types: 
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed] 
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD] 
  --target=TARGET   configure for building compilers for TARGET [HOST] 
 
Optional Features and Packages: 
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options 
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no) 
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes] 
  --with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes] 
  --without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no) 
  --with-libdir=NAME      Look for libraries in .../NAME rather than .../lib 
  --disable-rpath         Disable passing additional runtime library 
                          search paths 
  --enable-re2c-cgoto     Enable -g flag to re2c to use computed goto gcc extension 
 
SAPI modules: 
 
  --with-aolserver=DIR    Specify path to the installed AOLserver 
  --with-apxs=FILE        Build shared Apache 1.x module. FILE is the optional 
                          pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs 
  --with-apache=DIR       Build Apache 1.x module. DIR is the top-level Apache 
                          build directory /usr/local/apache 
  --enable-mod-charset    APACHE: Enable transfer tables for mod_charset (Rus Apache) 
  --with-apxs2filter=FILE 
                          EXPERIMENTAL: Build shared Apache 2.0 Filter module. FILE is the optional 
                          pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs 
  --with-apxs2=FILE       Build shared Apache 2.0 Handler module. FILE is the optional 
                          pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs 
  --with-apache-hooks=FILE 
                          EXPERIMENTAL: Build shared Apache 1.x module. FILE is the optional 
                          pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs 
  --with-apache-hooks-static=DIR 
                          EXPERIMENTAL: Build Apache 1.x module. DIR is the top-level Apache 
                          build directory /usr/local/apache 
  --enable-mod-charset    APACHE (hooks): Enable transfer tables for mod_charset (Rus Apache) 
  --with-caudium=DIR      Build PHP as a Pike module for use with Caudium. 
                          DIR is the Caudium server dir /usr/local/caudium/server 
  --disable-cli           Disable building CLI version of PHP 
                          (this forces --without-pear) 
  --with-continuity=DIR   Build PHP as Continuity Server module. 
                          DIR is path to the installed Continuity Server root 
  --enable-embed=TYPE     EXPERIMENTAL: Enable building of embedded SAPI library 
                          TYPE is either 'shared' or 'static'. TYPE=shared 
  --enable-fpm            Enable building of the fpm SAPI executable 
  --with-fpm-user=USER    Set the user for php-fpm to run as. (default: nobody) 
  --with-fpm-group=GRP    Set the group for php-fpm to run as. For a system user, this 
                          should usually be set to match the fpm username (default: nobody) 
  --with-fpm-systemd      Activate systemd integration 
  --with-fpm-acl          Use POSIX Access Control Lists 
  --with-isapi=DIR        Build PHP as an ISAPI module for use with Zeus 
  --with-litespeed        Build PHP as litespeed module 
  --with-milter=DIR       Build PHP as Milter application 
  --with-nsapi=DIR        Build PHP as NSAPI module for Netscape/iPlanet/Sun Webserver 
  --enable-phpdbg         Build phpdbg 
  --enable-phpdbg-debug   Build phpdbg in debug mode 
  --with-phttpd=DIR       Build PHP as phttpd module 
  --with-pi3web=DIR       Build PHP as Pi3Web module 
  --with-roxen=DIR        Build PHP as a Pike module. DIR is the base Roxen 
                          directory, normally /usr/local/roxen/server 
  --enable-roxen-zts      ROXEN: Build the Roxen module using Zend Thread Safety 
  --with-thttpd=SRCDIR    Build PHP as thttpd module 
  --with-tux=MODULEDIR    Build PHP as a TUX module (Linux only) 
  --with-webjames=SRCDIR  Build PHP as a WebJames module (RISC OS only) 
  --disable-cgi           Disable building CGI version of PHP 
 
General settings: 
 
  --enable-gcov           Enable GCOV code coverage (requires LTP) - FOR DEVELOPERS ONLY!! 
  --enable-debug          Compile with debugging symbols 
  --with-layout=TYPE      Set how installed files will be laid out.  Type can 
                          be either PHP or GNU [PHP] 
  --with-config-file-path=PATH 
                          Set the path in which to look for php.ini [PREFIX/lib] 
  --with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH 
                          Set the path where to scan for configuration files 
  --enable-sigchild       Enable PHP's own SIGCHLD handler 
  --enable-libgcc         Enable explicitly linking against libgcc 
  --disable-short-tags    Disable the short-form <? start tag by default 
  --enable-dmalloc        Enable dmalloc 
  --disable-ipv6          Disable IPv6 support 
  --enable-dtrace         Enable DTrace support 
  --enable-fd-setsize     Set size of descriptor sets 
 
Extensions: 
 
  --with-EXTENSION=shared[,PATH] 
 
    NOTE: Not all extensions can be build as 'shared'. 
 
    Example: --with-foobar=shared,/usr/local/foobar/ 
 
      o Builds the foobar extension as shared extension. 
      o foobar package install prefix is /usr/local/foobar/ 
 
 
  --disable-all           Disable all extensions which are enabled by default 
 
  --with-regex=TYPE       Regex library type: system, php. TYPE=php 
                          WARNING: Do NOT use unless you know what you are doing! 
  --disable-libxml        Disable LIBXML support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   LIBXML: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-openssl=DIR      Include OpenSSL support (requires OpenSSL >= 0.9.6) 
  --with-kerberos=DIR     OPENSSL: Include Kerberos support 
  --with-system-ciphers   OPENSSL: Use system default cipher list instead of hardcoded value 
  --with-pcre-regex=DIR   Include Perl Compatible Regular Expressions support. 
                          DIR is the PCRE install prefix BUNDLED 
  --without-sqlite3=DIR   Do not include SQLite3 support. DIR is the prefix to 
                          SQLite3 installation directory. 
  --with-zlib=DIR         Include ZLIB support (requires zlib >= 1.0.9) 
  --with-zlib-dir=<DIR>   Define the location of zlib install directory 
  --enable-bcmath         Enable bc style precision math functions 
  --with-bz2=DIR          Include BZip2 support 
  --enable-calendar       Enable support for calendar conversion 
  --disable-ctype         Disable ctype functions 
  --with-curl=DIR         Include cURL support 
  --enable-dba            Build DBA with bundled modules. To build shared DBA 
                          extension use --enable-dba=shared 
  --with-qdbm=DIR         DBA: QDBM support 
  --with-gdbm=DIR         DBA: GDBM support 
  --with-ndbm=DIR         DBA: NDBM support 
  --with-db4=DIR          DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 4.x or 5.x support 
  --with-db3=DIR          DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 3.x support 
  --with-db2=DIR          DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 2.x support 
  --with-db1=DIR          DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 1.x support/emulation 
  --with-dbm=DIR          DBA: DBM support 
  --with-tcadb=DIR        DBA: Tokyo Cabinet abstract DB support 
  --without-cdb=DIR       DBA: CDB support (bundled) 
  --disable-inifile       DBA: INI support (bundled) 
  --disable-flatfile      DBA: FlatFile support (bundled) 
  --disable-dom           Disable DOM support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   DOM: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-enchant=DIR      Include enchant support. 
                          GNU Aspell version 1.1.3 or higher required. 
  --enable-exif           Enable EXIF (metadata from images) support 
  --disable-fileinfo      Disable fileinfo support 
  --disable-filter        Disable input filter support 
  --with-pcre-dir         FILTER: pcre install prefix 
  --enable-ftp            Enable FTP support 
  --with-openssl-dir=DIR  FTP: openssl install prefix 
  --with-gd=DIR           Include GD support.  DIR is the GD library base 
                          install directory BUNDLED 
  --with-vpx-dir=DIR      GD: Set the path to libvpx install prefix 
  --with-jpeg-dir=DIR     GD: Set the path to libjpeg install prefix 
  --with-png-dir=DIR      GD: Set the path to libpng install prefix 
  --with-zlib-dir=DIR     GD: Set the path to libz install prefix 
  --with-xpm-dir=DIR      GD: Set the path to libXpm install prefix 
  --with-freetype-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to FreeType 2 install prefix 
  --with-t1lib=DIR        GD: Include T1lib support. T1lib version >= 5.0.0 required 
  --enable-gd-native-ttf  GD: Enable TrueType string function 
  --enable-gd-jis-conv    GD: Enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support 
  --with-gettext=DIR      Include GNU gettext support 
  --with-gmp=DIR          Include GNU MP support 
  --with-mhash=DIR        Include mhash support 
  --disable-hash          Disable hash support 
  --without-iconv=DIR     Exclude iconv support 
  --with-imap=DIR         Include IMAP support. DIR is the c-client install prefix 
  --with-kerberos=DIR     IMAP: Include Kerberos support. DIR is the Kerberos install prefix 
  --with-imap-ssl=DIR     IMAP: Include SSL support. DIR is the OpenSSL install prefix 
  --with-interbase=DIR    Include InterBase support.  DIR is the InterBase base 
                          install directory /usr/interbase 
  --enable-intl           Enable internationalization support 
  --with-icu-dir=DIR      Specify where ICU libraries and headers can be found 
  --disable-json          Disable JavaScript Object Serialization support 
  --with-ldap=DIR         Include LDAP support 
  --with-ldap-sasl=DIR    LDAP: Include Cyrus SASL support 
  --enable-mbstring       Enable multibyte string support 
  --disable-mbregex       MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex support 
  --disable-mbregex-backtrack 
                          MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex backtrack check 
  --with-libmbfl=DIR      MBSTRING: Use external libmbfl.  DIR is the libmbfl base 
                          install directory BUNDLED 
  --with-onig=DIR         MBSTRING: Use external oniguruma. DIR is the oniguruma install prefix. 
                          If DIR is not set, the bundled oniguruma will be used 
  --with-mcrypt=DIR       Include mcrypt support 
  --with-mssql=DIR        Include MSSQL-DB support.  DIR is the FreeTDS home 
                          directory /usr/local/freetds 
  --with-mysql=DIR        Include MySQL support.  DIR is the MySQL base 
                          directory, if no DIR is passed or the value is 
                          mysqlnd the MySQL native driver will be used 
  --with-mysql-sock=SOCKPATH 
                          MySQL/MySQLi/PDO_MYSQL: Location of the MySQL unix socket pointer. 
                          If unspecified, the default locations are searched 
  --with-zlib-dir=DIR     MySQL: Set the path to libz install prefix 
  --with-mysqli=FILE      Include MySQLi support.  FILE is the path 
                          to mysql_config.  If no value or mysqlnd is passed 
                          as FILE, the MySQL native driver will be used 
  --enable-embedded-mysqli 
                          MYSQLi: Enable embedded support 
                          Note: Does not work with MySQL native driver! 
  --with-oci8=DIR         Include Oracle Database OCI8 support. DIR defaults to $ORACLE_HOME. 
                          Use --with-oci8=instantclient,/path/to/instant/client/lib 
                          to use an Oracle Instant Client installation 
  --with-odbcver=HEX      Force support for the passed ODBC version. A hex number is expected, default 0x0300. 
                             Use the special value of 0 to prevent an explicit ODBCVER to be defined. 
  --with-adabas=DIR       Include Adabas D support /usr/local 
  --with-sapdb=DIR        Include SAP DB support /usr/local 
  --with-solid=DIR        Include Solid support /usr/local/solid 
  --with-ibm-db2=DIR      Include IBM DB2 support /home/db2inst1/sqllib 
  --with-ODBCRouter=DIR   Include ODBCRouter.com support /usr 
  --with-empress=DIR      Include Empress support \$EMPRESSPATH 
                          (Empress Version >= 8.60 required) 
  --with-empress-bcs=DIR 
                          Include Empress Local Access support \$EMPRESSPATH 
                          (Empress Version >= 8.60 required) 
  --with-birdstep=DIR     Include Birdstep support /usr/local/birdstep 
  --with-custom-odbc=DIR  Include user defined ODBC support. DIR is ODBC install base 
                          directory /usr/local. Make sure to define CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS and 
                          have some odbc.h in your include dirs. f.e. you should define 
                          following for Sybase SQL Anywhere 5.5.00 on QNX, prior to 
                          running this configure script: 
                            CPPFLAGS=\"-DODBC_QNX -DSQLANY_BUG\" 
                            LDFLAGS=-lunix 
                            CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS=\"-ldblib -lodbc\" 
  --with-iodbc=DIR        Include iODBC support /usr/local 
  --with-esoob=DIR        Include Easysoft OOB support /usr/local/easysoft/oob/client 
  --with-unixODBC=DIR     Include unixODBC support /usr/local 
  --with-dbmaker=DIR      Include DBMaker support 
  --enable-opcache        Enable Zend OPcache support 
  --enable-pcntl          Enable pcntl support (CLI/CGI only) 
  --disable-pdo           Disable PHP Data Objects support 
  --with-pdo-dblib=DIR    PDO: DBLIB-DB support.  DIR is the FreeTDS home directory 
  --with-pdo-firebird=DIR PDO: Firebird support.  DIR is the Firebird base 
                          install directory /opt/firebird 
  --with-pdo-mysql=DIR    PDO: MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory 
                          If no value or mysqlnd is passed as DIR, the 
                          MySQL native driver will be used 
  --with-zlib-dir=DIR     PDO_MySQL: Set the path to libz install prefix 
  --with-pdo-oci=DIR      PDO: Oracle OCI support. DIR defaults to \$ORACLE_HOME. 
                          Use --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,prefix,version 
                          for an Oracle Instant Client SDK. 
                          For example on Linux with 11.2 RPMs use: 
                            --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/usr,11.2 
                          With 10.2 RPMs use: 
                            --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/usr,10.2.0.4 
  --with-pdo-odbc=flavour,dir 
                          PDO: Support for 'flavour' ODBC driver. 
              include and lib dirs are looked for under 'dir'. 
 
              'flavour' can be one of:  ibm-db2, iODBC, unixODBC, generic 
              If ',dir' part is omitted, default for the flavour 
              you have selected will be used. e.g.: 
 
                --with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC 
 
              will check for unixODBC under /usr/local. You may attempt 
              to use an otherwise unsupported driver using the \"generic\" 
              flavour.  The syntax for generic ODBC support is: 
 
                --with-pdo-odbc=generic,dir,libname,ldflags,cflags 
 
              When built as 'shared' the extension filename is always pdo_odbc.so 
  --with-pdo-pgsql=DIR    PDO: PostgreSQL support.  DIR is the PostgreSQL base 
                          install directory or the path to pg_config 
  --without-pdo-sqlite=DIR 
                          PDO: sqlite 3 support.  DIR is the sqlite base 
                          install directory BUNDLED 
  --with-pgsql=DIR        Include PostgreSQL support.  DIR is the PostgreSQL 
                          base install directory or the path to pg_config 
  --disable-phar          Disable phar support 
  --disable-posix         Disable POSIX-like functions 
  --with-pspell=DIR       Include PSPELL support. 
                          GNU Aspell version 0.50.0 or higher required 
  --with-libedit=DIR      Include libedit readline replacement (CLI/CGI only) 
  --with-readline=DIR     Include readline support (CLI/CGI only) 
  --with-recode=DIR       Include recode support 
  --disable-session       Disable session support 
  --with-mm=DIR           SESSION: Include mm support for session storage 
  --enable-shmop          Enable shmop support 
  --disable-simplexml     Disable SimpleXML support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   SimpleXML: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-snmp=DIR         Include SNMP support 
  --with-openssl-dir=DIR  SNMP: openssl install prefix 
  --enable-soap           Enable SOAP support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   SOAP: libxml2 install prefix 
  --enable-sockets        Enable sockets support 
  --with-sybase-ct=DIR    Include Sybase-CT support.  DIR is the Sybase home 
                          directory /home/sybase 
  --enable-sysvmsg        Enable sysvmsg support 
  --enable-sysvsem        Enable System V semaphore support 
  --enable-sysvshm        Enable the System V shared memory support 
  --with-tidy=DIR         Include TIDY support 
  --disable-tokenizer     Disable tokenizer support 
  --enable-wddx           Enable WDDX support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   WDDX: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-libexpat-dir=DIR WDDX: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated) 
  --disable-xml           Disable XML support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   XML: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-libexpat-dir=DIR XML: libexpat install prefix (deprecated) 
  --disable-xmlreader     Disable XMLReader support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   XMLReader: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-xmlrpc=DIR       Include XMLRPC-EPI support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   XMLRPC-EPI: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-libexpat-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated) 
  --with-iconv-dir=DIR    XMLRPC-EPI: iconv dir for XMLRPC-EPI 
  --disable-xmlwriter     Disable XMLWriter support 
  --with-libxml-dir=DIR   XMLWriter: libxml2 install prefix 
  --with-xsl=DIR          Include XSL support.  DIR is the libxslt base 
                          install directory (libxslt >= 1.1.0 required) 
  --enable-zip            Include Zip read/write support 
  --with-zlib-dir=DIR     ZIP: Set the path to libz install prefix 
  --with-pcre-dir         ZIP: pcre install prefix 
  --with-libzip=DIR       ZIP: use libzip 
  --enable-mysqlnd        Enable mysqlnd explicitly, will be done implicitly 
                          when required by other extensions 
  --disable-mysqlnd-compression-support 
                          Disable support for the MySQL compressed protocol in mysqlnd 
  --with-zlib-dir=DIR     mysqlnd: Set the path to libz install prefix 
 
PEAR: 
 
  --with-pear=DIR         Install PEAR in DIR [PREFIX/lib/php] 
  --without-pear          Do not install PEAR 
 
Zend: 
 
  --with-zend-vm=TYPE     Set virtual machine dispatch method. Type is 
                          one of "CALL", "SWITCH" or "GOTO" TYPE=CALL 
  --enable-maintainer-zts Enable thread safety - for code maintainers only!! 
  --disable-inline-optimization 
                          If building zend_execute.lo fails, try this switch 
  --enable-zend-signals   Use zend signal handling 
 
TSRM: 
 
  --with-tsrm-pth=pth-config 
                          Use GNU Pth 
  --with-tsrm-st          Use SGI's State Threads 
  --with-tsrm-pthreads    Use POSIX threads (default) 
 
Libtool: 
 
  --enable-shared=PKGS    Build shared libraries default=yes 
  --enable-static=PKGS    Build static libraries default=yes 
  --enable-fast-install=PKGS 
                          Optimize for fast installation default=yes 
  --with-gnu-ld           Assume the C compiler uses GNU ld default=no 
  --disable-libtool-lock  Avoid locking (might break parallel builds) 
  --with-pic              Try to use only PIC/non-PIC objects default=use both 
  --with-tags=TAGS        Include additional configurations automatic 
 
 
Some influential environment variables: 
  CC          C compiler command 
  CFLAGS      C compiler flags 
  LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a 
              nonstandard directory <lib dir> 
  LIBS        libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l<library> 
  CPPFLAGS    (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if 
              you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir> 
  CPP         C preprocessor 
  YACC        The `Yet Another C Compiler' implementation to use. Defaults to 
              the first program found out of: `bison -y', `byacc', `yacc'. 
  YFLAGS      The list of arguments that will be passed by default to $YACC. 
              This script will default YFLAGS to the empty string to avoid a 
              default value of `-d' given by some make applications. 
  CXX         C++ compiler command 
  CXXFLAGS    C++ compiler flags 
  CXXCPP      C++ preprocessor 
 
Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help 
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations. 
 
Report bugs to the package provider.
复制代码

 一个配置实例

./configure 
--prefix=/usr/local/php
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc
--with-apxs2=/usr/sbin/apxs //(和fpm,fastcgi选一个即可)
--enable-fpm
--with-fpm-user=php-fpm
--with-fpm-group=php-fpm
--with-mysql=mysqlnd
--with-pdo-mysql
--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock
--with-libxml-dir
--with-gd
--with-jpeg-dir
--with-png-dir
--with-freetype-dir
--with-iconv-dir
--with-zlib-dir
--with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt
--enable-soap
--enable-gd-native-ttf
--enable-mbstring
--enable-exif
--disable-ipv6
--with-pear
--enable-posix
--enable-pcntl
--with-curl
--with-openssl

有参考:http://www.jb51.net/article/55709.htm

php7编译安装
http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/article/details/47708763

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